The effect of tamoxifen (Tarn) and 5-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5-DFUR) cotreatment on cytotoxicity was assessed in various cancer-derived cell lines. Each cell line was treated with a range of Tam and 5-DFUR concentrations alone and in combination. The cell lines we examined include MDA-MB-231 (ERα-/ERβ+), T47D (ERα+/ ERβ+), and three MCF-7 (ERα+/ERβ +) sublines. Cell growth was assessed by MTT assay at multiple time points for up to 9 days. Fluorescence-associated cell sorting (FACS) analysis was used to examine the effects of Tam and 5-DFUR cotreatment on cell cycle progression. Treatment with Tarn or 5-DFUR, which is metabolized to 5-FU in target cells, produced an anti-proliferative effect that was dose- and time-dependent in all cell lines examined; variation in cell line sensitivity to each compound and cotreatment was apparent. When 5-DFUR and Tarn treatment were combined, T47D, MDA-MB-231, and an MCF-7 subline demonstrated a cooperative effect at the lowest Tam concentration tested in 9-day cultures. The significance of treatment dosage and duration was obvious when 5-DFUR and Tarn cotreatment was observed to be antagonistic in 3-day cultures of a second MCF-7 subline and T47D cells. Results from our studies show that there may be cytotoxic benefits in the treatment of cancer from combined therapy with Tarn and 5-FU precursor drugs. Enhanced inhibition of proliferation was observed when Tarn was cotreated at low concentrations in relatively long-term cultures. This has clinical relevance in that it suggests that patients undergoing chemo-endocrine therapy with orally administered 5-FU precursor drugs may benefit from lower treatment dosages relative to other adjuvant therapies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2005|
- Breast cancer