Combination laser interstitial thermal therapy plus stereotactic radiotherapy increases time to progression for biopsy-proven recurrent brain metastases

Matthew M. Grabowski, Ethan S. Srinivasan, Eugene J. Vaios, Eric W. Sankey, Balint Otvos, Daria Krivosheya, Alex Scott, Michael Olufawo, Jun Ma, Elena I. Fomchenko, James E. Herndon, Albert H. Kim, Veronica L. Chiang, Clark C. Chen, Eric C. Leuthardt, Gene H. Barnett, John P. Kirkpatrick, Alireza M. Mohammadi, Peter E. Fecci

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Background: Improved survival for patients with brain metastases has been accompanied by a rise in tumor recurrence after stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) has emerged as an effective treatment for SRT failures as an alternative to open resection or repeat SRT. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of LITT followed by SRT (LITT+SRT) in recurrent brain metastases. Methods: A multicenter, retrospective study was performed of patients who underwent treatment for biopsy-proven brain metastasis recurrence after SRT at an academic medical center. Patients were stratified by "planned LITT+SRT"versus "LITT alone"versus "repeat SRT alone."Index lesion progression was determined by modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Brain Metastases (RANO-BM) criteria. Results: Fifty-five patients met inclusion criteria, with a median follow-up of 7.3 months (range: 1.0-30.5), age of 60 years (range: 37-86), Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) of 80 (range: 60-100), and pre-LITT/biopsy contrast-enhancing volume of 5.7 cc (range: 0.7-19.4). Thirty-eight percent of patients underwent LITT+SRT, 45% LITT alone, and 16% SRT alone. Median time to index lesion progression (29.8, 7.5, and 3.7 months [P =. 022]) was significantly improved with LITT+SRT. When controlling for age in a multivariate analysis, patients treated with LITT+SRT remained significantly less likely to have index lesion progression (P =. 004). Conclusions: These data suggest that LITT+SRT is superior to LITT or repeat SRT alone for treatment of biopsy-proven brain metastasis recurrence after SRT failure. Prospective trials are warranted to validate the efficacy of using combination LITT+SRT for treatment of recurrent brain metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbervdac086
JournalNeuro-Oncology Advances
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press, the Society for Neuro-Oncology and the European Association of Neuro-Oncology.


  • LITT
  • brain metastasis
  • progression
  • stereotactic radiotherapy
  • tumor recurrence

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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