Columnar organization of the motor cortex: Direction of movement

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The discovery by Vernon B. Mountcastle of the columnar organization of the cerebral cortex (Mountcastle VB, J Neurophysiol 20:408–434, 1957, Brain 120:701–722, 1997) was the single most important discovery of the twentieth century in cortical physiology. Not only did it serve as the framework for the orderly arrangement of knowledge concerning cortical organization and function Edelman and Mountcastle, The mindful brain. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1978) but also as a framework for exploring and investigating new ideas and for revisiting old ones about the organization of particular cortical areas. Here I review the history of facts and ideas about the organization of the motor cortex and discuss the evidence that the direction of movement is the principle governing motor cortical columnar organization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRecent Advances On The Modular Organization Of The Cortex
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages127-141
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789401799003
ISBN (Print)9789401798990
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Columnar organization
  • Directional
  • Motor activity
  • Motor cortex
  • Tuning

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