As reported previously, five solute-column interactions (hydrophobicity, steric resistance, hydrogen-bond acidity and basicity, ionic interaction) quantitatively describe column selectivity for 163 alkyl-silica, polar-group and cyano columns. In the present study, solute retention and column selectivity for 11 phenyl and 5 fluoro-substituted columns were compared with alkyl-silica columns of similar ligand length. It is concluded that two additional solute-column interactions may be significant in affecting retention and selectivity for the latter columns: (a) dispersion interactions of varying strength as a result of significant differences in bonded-phase polarizability or refractive index and (b) π-π interactions in the case of phenyl columns and aromatic solutes. These 16 phenyl and fluoro columns were also characterized in terms of hydrophobicity, steric resistance, hydrogen-bond acidity and basicity, and ionic interaction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The present study was supported in part by a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant from the National Institutes of Health (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). We are also much indebted for the advice, and critical comments of Dr. Uwe Neue (Waters Corp.) and Dr. Colin Poole (Wayne State University) as well as the support of the various manufacturers who donated the columns of Tables 1 and 2 .
Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.