Color polymorphism: Understanding the diverse solid-state packing and color in dimethyl-3,6-dichloro-2,5-dihydroxyterephthalate

Saied Md Pratik, Abdulrahiman Nijamudheen, Sumantra Bhattacharya, Ayan Datta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Dimethyl-3,6-dichloro-2,5-dihydroxyterephthalate (MCHT) is known to exist in three differently packed crystals having three different colors, namely yellow (Y), light yellow (LY), and white (W). Apart from the difference in their color, the molecules in the crystals also differ in their intramolecular OH×××O and OH× ××Cl hydrogen bonds. Time-dependent DFT calculations reveal the role of the various types of hydrogen bonds in controlling the color of the polymorphs. Mechanistic pathways that lead to such transformations in the crystal are elucidated by solid-state dispersion-corrected DFT studies. Relative stabilities of the various polymorphs rationalize the experimentally observed transformations between them. Calculations reveal that the minimum-energy pathway for the conversion of the Yaform to a Waform is through stepwise disrotatory motion of the two OH groups through a hybrid intermediate having one intramolecular OH×× ×O and one OH×××Cl bond. The LYaform is shown to exist on the higher-energy pathway involving a concerted Y→W transformation. Multiple personality: A single chromophore exhibits three different colors depend

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3218-3224
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 10 2014


  • density functional calculations
  • hydrogen bonds
  • molecular packing
  • polymorphism
  • solid-state structures


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