Coloproctostomy or colocolostomy by peranal insertion of a circular stapling device was performed on 265 patients between January 1978, and June 1981. A low anterior resection was performed in 174 patients. Stapler-related technical complications occurred in 52 patients (20 per cent). Complementary transverse colostomies were performed in 11 patients, of which seven were performed on the first 30 patients. Intraoperative complications occurred in 18 patients (7 per cent). Twenty-six major postoperative complications occurred (10 per cent), and clinical anastomotic leaks occurred in eight patients (3 per cent). Four postoperative deaths occurred (1.5 per cent). This study concludes that (1)coloproctostomy or colocolostomy can be safely performed by transanal insertion of a circular stapling device, (2) these instruments allow a sphincter-preserving procedure to be performed for lesions in the low and midrectum (5 to 10 cm from the anal verge) with an acceptable early morbidity and mortality, and (3) the majority of stapler-related technical complications can be managed without protecting colostomy.
- Neoplasms, rectal, colonic
- Rectum, surgery