Results of a study (undertaken as a methodological analog to J. H. Resnick's 1968 investigation) with adult smokers, in which rate of puffing rather than number of cigarettes smoked was manipulated in a controlled setting, are contrary to those predicted: self-paced control Ss fared better than operantly paced experimental Ss and rated cigarettes less favorably at the end of the study. Results are explained in terms of cognitive dissonance theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- manipulation of rate of puffing rather than number of cigarettes smoked &
- self vs operantly paced rates, methodological analog to J. H. Resnick