Cognitive abilities involved in insight problem solving: An individual differences model

Colin G. DeYoung, Joseph L. Flanders, Jordan B. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated individual differences in cognitive abilities that contribute to solving insight problems. A model is proposed describing three types of cognitive ability that contribute independently to insight: convergent thinking, divergent thinking, and breaking frame. The model was tested in a large sample (N = 108) by regressing insight problem solving performance on measures of these three abilities. This analysis demonstrated that all three abilities predicted insight independently. Convergent thinking was further broken down into verbal intelligence and working memory, which also predicted insight independently of each other and of divergent thinking and breaking frame. Finally, when pitted against noninsight problem solving as a predictor in regression, only insight problem solving was uniquely associated with divergent thinking and breaking frame. The model is suggested as a potentially useful taxonomy for the study of ill-defined problems and cognitive abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-290
Number of pages13
JournalCreativity Research Journal
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cognitive abilities involved in insight problem solving: An individual differences model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this