The threonine (Thr) for alanine (Ala) codon 54 polymorphism of the fatty acid binding protein (FABP) 2 gene, when compared to the wild type, is associated with dyslipidemia. Since dyslipidemia is common in diabetes and is associated with increased cardiovascular risk, we tested the hypothesis that Thr-54 is associated with increased cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes. The secondary prevention veterans affairs HDL intervention trial (VA-HIT) was carried out in patients with dyslipidemia. The DNA of trial participants (n = 776) was screened for the Thr-54 polymorphism and cardiovascular endpoints were monitored. The polymorphism was detected in 370 (47.7%). For first occurrence of the primary endpoint [myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary heart disease (CHD) death] the hazard ratio (HR) and confidence intervals (Cox proportional hazards model) was 2.5 (1.2, 5.3) p = .02 in diabetic carriers of Thr-54 versus carriers without diabetes or fasting glucose >7 mmol/L. For the expanded endpoint (stroke, MI or CHD death), the corresponding HR was 3.0 (1.4, 5.4) p = .0003 and for the stroke alone the corresponding HR was 3.5 (1.4-8.9) p = .01. The higher cumulative incidence of the expanded endpoint in diabetic participants carrying the FABP2 polymorphism versus non-diabetic carriers was consistently present throughout the 5 years of the study (p = .0002). We conclude that based on the VA-HIT data, the Thr-54 polymorphism of the FABP2 gene is associated with a 2-3.5-fold increase in cardiovascular risk in dyslipidemic men with diabetes compared to their non-diabetic counterparts.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2007|
- Cardiovascular risk