Coaxing stem cells for skeletal muscle repair

Karl J A McCullagh, Rita C R Perlingeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skeletal muscle has a tremendous ability to regenerate, attributed to a well-defined population of muscle stem cells called satellite cells. However, this ability to regenerate diminishes with age and can also be dramatically affected by multiple types of muscle diseases, or injury. Extrinsic and/or intrinsic defects in the regulation of satellite cells are considered to be major determinants for the diminished regenerative capacity. Maintenance and replenishment of the satellite cell pool is one focus for muscle regenerative medicine, which will be discussed. There are other sources of progenitor cells with myogenic capacity, which may also support skeletal muscle repair. However, all of these myogenic cell populations have inherent difficulties and challenges in maintaining or coaxing their derivation for therapeutic purpose. This review will highlight recent reported attributes of these cells and new bioengineering approaches to creating a supply of myogenic stem cells or implants applicable for acute and/or chronic muscle disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-207
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

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Skeletal Muscle
Stem Cells
Bioengineering
Muscles
Regenerative Medicine
Muscular Diseases
Muscle Cells
Population
Maintenance
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Bioengineering
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Muscle regeneration
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Niche
  • Pluripotent stem cells
  • Satellite cells

Cite this

Coaxing stem cells for skeletal muscle repair. / McCullagh, Karl J A; Perlingeiro, Rita C R.

In: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Vol. 84, 01.04.2015, p. 198-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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