## Abstract

Feynman's imaginary time path integral formalism of quantum statistical mechanics and the corresponding quantum-classical isomorphism provide a tangible way of incorporating nuclear quantum effect (NQE) in the simulation of condensed matter systems using well-developed classical simulation techniques. Our previous work has presented the many-body coarse-graining of path integral (CG-PI) theory that builds an isomorphism between the quantum partition function of N distinguishable particles and the classical partition function of 2N pseudoparticles. In this present work, we develop a generalized version of the many-body CG-PI theory that incorporates many-body interactions in the force field. Based on the new derivation, we provide a numerical CG-PI (n-CG-PI) modeling strategy parametrized from the underlying path integral molecular dynamics (PIMD) trajectories using force matching and Boltzmann inversion. The n-CG-PI models for two liquid systems are shown to capture well both the intramolecular and intermolecular structural correlations of the reference PIMD simulations. The generalized derivation of the many-body CG-PI theory and the n-CG-PI model presented in this work extend the scope of the CG-PI formalism by generalizing the previously limited theory to incorporate force fields of realistic molecular systems.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 6004-6019 |

Number of pages | 16 |

Journal | Journal of Physical Chemistry A |

Volume | 126 |

Issue number | 35 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 8 2022 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2022 American Chemical Society.