Clutter rejection in passive non-line-of-sight imaging via blind multispectral unmixing

Connor Hashemi, Rafael Avelar, James Leger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Passive non-line-of-sight imaging methods that utilize scattered light to “look around corners” are often hindered by unwanted sources that overwhelm the weaker desired signal. Recent approaches to mitigate these “clutter” sources have exploited dependencies in the spectral content, or color, of the scattered light. A particularly successful method utilized blind source separation methods to isolate the desired imaging signal with minimal prior information. This current paper quantifies the efficacy of several preconditioning and unmixing algorithms when blind source separation methods are employed for passive multispectral non-line-of-sight imaging. Using an OLED television monitor as the source of both the desired signals and clutter, we conducted multiple controlled experiments to test these methods under a variety of scene conditions. We conclude that the preconditioner is a vital component as it greatly decreases the power and correlation of the clutter. Additionally, the choice of unmixing algorithm significantly impacts the reconstruction quality. By optimizing these two components, we find that effective image retrieval can be obtained even when the clutter signals are as much as 670 times stronger than the desired image.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2132-2146
Number of pages15
JournalOptics Express
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2024

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PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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