Clustering analysis of lipoprotein profiles to identify subtypes of hypertriglyceridemia in Miniature Schnauzers

Nicole M. Tate, Punyamanee Yamkate, Panagiotis G. Xenoulis, Jörg M. Steiner, Erica L. Behling-Kelly, Aaron K. Rendahl, Yu An Wu, Eva Furrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is prevalent in Miniature Schnauzers, predisposing them to life-threatening diseases. Varied responses to management strategies suggest the possibility of multiple subtypes. Hypothesis/Objective: To identify and characterize HTG subtypes in Miniature Schnauzers through cluster analysis of lipoprotein profiles. We hypothesize that multiple phenotypes of primary HTG exist in this breed. Animals: Twenty Miniature Schnauzers with normal serum triglyceride concentration (NTG), 25 with primary HTG, and 5 with secondary HTG. Methods: Cross-sectional study using archived samples. Lipoprotein profiles, generated using continuous lipoprotein density profiling, were clustered with hierarchical cluster analysis. Clinical data (age, sex, body condition score, and dietary fat content) was compared between clusters. Results: Six clusters were identified. Dogs with primary HTG were dispersed among 4 clusters. One cluster showed the highest intensities for triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) fractions and also included 4 dogs with secondary HTG. Two clusters had moderately high TRL fraction intensities and low-to-intermediate LDL intensities. The fourth cluster had high LDL but variable TRL fraction intensities with equal numbers of NTG and mild HTG dogs. The final 2 clusters comprised only NTG dogs with low TRL intensities and low-to-intermediate LDL intensities. The clusters did not appear to be driven by differences in the clinical data. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: The results of this study support a spectrum of lipoprotein phenotypes within Miniature Schnauzers that cannot be predicted by triglyceride concentration alone. Lipoprotein profiling might be useful to determine if subtypes have different origins, clinical consequences, and response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)971-979
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of veterinary internal medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.


  • canine
  • dyslipidemia
  • hierarchical clustering
  • hypertriglyceridemia
  • ultracentrifugation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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