Cluster-randomized controlled trial of intermittent preventive treatment in infancy using sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (SP-IPTi): a pilot study in Nigeria

Olumide Thomas Adeleke, Abayomi Oyenuga, Tina M. Slusher, Daniel A. Gbadero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Malaria kills a child in sub-Saharan Africa every 2 min despite widely available interventions including intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi). Since 2010, when World Health Organization (WHO) recommended IPTi, no country has implemented it. To our knowledge, no IPTi study has been conducted in Nigeria. Considering severity of malaria in infancy and urgency to improve malaria prevention, we proposed a study to investigate the efficacy of this intervention in reducing malarial morbidity and mortality. Objective(s): The aim of this was to determine the safety and efficacy of SP-IPTi in reducing the prevalence of asymptomatic malaria parasitemia and malarial-associated hospital admissions. Methods: We performed a cluster-randomized controlled trial in 1379 infants. SP was administered alongside routine vaccinations in immunization centers randomized to intervention groups. Infants in control groups received only routine vaccines. Malarial ‘morbidity and adverse events were monitored through passive case-detection and cross-sectional surveys’. Results: SP-IPTi was safe. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of risks of asymptomatic parasitemia at 9 months, fever or hospitalization between our control and intervention groups. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that SP-IPTi had no benefit but was well tolerated. WHO and some researchers have also reported declining efficacy of SP, due to increasing drug resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberfmad001
JournalJournal of tropical pediatrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) [2023]. Published by Oxford University Press.


  • Infant malaria
  • Intermittent preventive treatment
  • Malaria
  • Malaria prevention
  • Perennial malaria chemoprevention
  • SP-IP Ti

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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