Closed reduction and fluoroscopic-assisted percutaneous pinning of 42 physeal fractures in 37 dogs and 4 cats*

Christina L. Boekhout-Ta, Stanley E. Kim, Alan R. Cross, Richard Evans, Antonio Pozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective: To report complications and clinical outcome of dogs and cats that underwent fluoroscopic-assisted percutaneous pinning (FAPP) of physeal fractures. Study Design: Retrospective study. Animals: Client-owned dogs (n = 37) and cats (n = 4). Materials and Methods: Records (August 2007-August 2014) of physeal fractures treated with FAPP in 3 hospitals were evaluated. Data collected included signalment, fracture characteristics (etiology, location, duration, Salter-Harris classification, preoperative and postoperative displacement), surgical information (implant size, surgical duration), and outcome assessment information (functional outcome, radiographic outcome, and complications). Results: The majority of animals (92%) were classified as full functional outcome. No significant predictors of functional outcome were identified. The overall complication rate was 15% (n = 6). Elective pin removal rate was 41% (n = 17). Goniometry and limb circumference measurements of the affected and contralateral limbs were not significantly different in dogs for which measurements were obtained. Seventeen of 18 animals (16 dogs, 2 cats) measured had bone length changes on follow-up radiographs. Conclusion: FAPP is associated with an excellent functional outcome in a narrow selection of fracture configurations, specifically those with minimal displacement and for which anatomical alignment can be achieved with closed reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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© 2016 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons


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