Clinical, virologic, and histopathologic observations of induced porcine parvovirus infection in boars.

B. J. Thacker, H. S. Joo, N. L. Winkelman, A. D. Leman, D. M. Barnes

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Twelve 8- to 12-month-old crossbred boars were inoculated with a virulent strain (NADL-8) of porcine parvovirus (PPV). Hemicastrations were performed on 6 boars 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, and 28 days after an IM injection of 10(8) median cell culture infectious dose (CCID50) of PPV (n = 3) or injection of 10(7.4) CCID50 given intratesticularly (IT, n = 3). Noninfected cell culture medium (0.25 ml) was injected into each testicle of a 7th boar (IT inoculated control). Virus or viral antigen was detected in testicular and epididymal tissues up to 14 days after inoculation. Direct immunofluorescence indicated that viral antigen was mainly associated with the vasculature of the interstitium. Microscopic lesions were not evident in the testicles and epididymides of IM inoculated boars. Acute-to-chronic testicular degeneration was evident in the IT inoculated boars, as well as in the IT inoculated control boar. Six boars were inoculated IM or orally/nasally with 10(7.9) CCID50 of PPV. Semen was collected twice weekly for 8 weeks after inoculation. Virus was not detected in any ejaculates. Semen also was collected from 4 boars for 5 weeks before inoculation, and preinoculation and post-inoculation semen quality was compared. Pronounced changes in sperm output, ejaculate volume, motility, or morphologic defects were not observed. The reproductive consequences of experimental PPV infection in boars were minimal because reproductive function was unaffected and venereal transmission of PPV was not detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)763-767
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 1987


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