Experience with autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) in patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or heart failure (HF) is limited. We identified 308 consecutive patients who underwent ABMT for Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma at our institution (1996-2003). Patient characteristics, clinical course and overall survival were compared between patients with preserved (≥50%) or impaired (<50%) LVEF. Of the 308 patients identified, 20 had baseline impaired LVEF (four with LVEF ≤40%, all NYHA class I-II HF). None of the patients with post-ABMT echocardiogram had worsened LVEF (n=7). Among the 20 patients with impaired LVEF, four patients had reversible cardiac complications post-ABMT (including worsening HF). The two deaths observed in the impaired LVEF group were both due to noncardiac causes. The 5-year survival was similar between patients with preserved and impaired LVEF (P=0.43). Careful selection of patients with stable, mild-to-moderate HF and impaired LVEF for ABMT can achieve similar long-term survival. As medical care for HF and ABMT improves, the exclusion criteria for ABMT with regard to HF and impaired LVEF should be re-examined.
- Autologous stem cell transplantation
- Hodgkin's disease
- Left ventricular ejection fraction
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma