Clinical Outcomes after Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radical Cystectomy in the Presence of Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder with Squamous or Glandular Differentiation

Kamran Zargar-Shoshtari, Einar F. Sverrisson, Pranav Sharma, Shilpa Gupta, Michael A. Poch, Julio M. Pow-Sang, Philippe E. Spiess, Wade J. Sexton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background To assess the pathological response rates and survival outcomes in patients with squamous or glandular histological variation (HV) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) and radical cystectomy (RC), and compare these with patients with pure urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (PUCB). Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective review of patients with clinical stage T1-4, N0-2 urothelial cancer treated with cisplatin-based nCT and RC in a single institution setting. Patients who received neoadjuvant carboplatin-based regimens were excluded. The primary end point was pathological response. Overall survival (OS) was a secondary end point. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard models were used for multivariate analyses. Results We evaluated 126 patients, including 20 (16%) with HV. Median estimated glomerular filtration rate (79.6 vs. 73.6 mL/min; P =.07) and the rate of complete endoscopic resection (75% vs. 40%; P =.01) were higher in the HV patients. Complete pathological response was similar between the groups (21% PUCB vs. 25% HV; P =.77). However, a significantly higher rate of pathologic downstaging (pT<2, N0 [pDS]) was seen in the HV patients (60% vs. 32%; P =.02). In a logistic regression model to predict pDS, in which clinically relevant confounding variables were included, HV (odds ratio, 4.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-13.9) remained an independent predictor of pDS. OS was similar between the 2 groups (HV: 45.7 vs. PUCB: 48.3 months; P =.73). Conclusion When controlling for confounding factors, improved pDS rates were seen in the HV patients although there were no significant differences in the OS stratified according to histology. These results support the continued use of systemic nCT for this subgroup of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cystectomy carcinoma
  • Histology
  • Neoadjuvant therapy
  • Transitional Cell
  • Urinary bladder neoplasms

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