Clinical experience with perindopril in African-American hypertensive patients: A large United States community trial

Jay N. Cohn, Stevo Julius, Joel Neutel, Michael Weber, Prasad Turlapaty, Yannan Shen, Victor Dong, Alicia Batchelor, Weinong Guo, Hjalmar Lagast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of hypertension is greater in African Americans, and management of this condition presents challenges for practicing physicians. Methods: The effectiveness and safety of perindopril was evaluated in hypertensive African-American patients (n = 1412) and hypertensive white patients (n = 7745) who had participated in a large United States community trial. Patients received perindopril 4 mg once daily for 6 weeks. Based on physicians' clinical judgment at week 6, the dose was either maintained or increased to 8 mg for an additional 6 weeks. Results: Reduction of blood pressure (BP) was significant with perindopril monotherapy (4 to 8 mg once daily) in African Americans and whites (P < .001). The magnitude of BP reduction was significantly more in whites (P < .001). Up-titration of perindopril achieved additional BP reduction in both ethnic groups (P < .001). Control of BP (<140/90 mm Hg) in elderly (>65 years of age) and diabetic African-Americans subgroups was achieved in 32.1% and 31.6%, respectively. Perindopril was safe and well tolerated. Conclusions: Perindopril monotherapy is effective and is a viable initial therapeutic option as an antihypertensive agent in African-American individuals with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-138
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Hypertension
  • Perindopril
  • Up-titration

Cite this