Clinical Characteristics and Psychiatric Comorbidity in Children with Trichotillomania

ELIZABETH A. REEVE, GAIL A. BERNSTEIN, GARY A. CHRISTENSON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ten children with trichotillomania (hair pulling) were sytematically evaluated with structured psychiatric interviews and rating scales assessing anxiety, depression, life events, self-esteem, and family functioning. Six of the subjects met diagnostic criteria for overanxious disorder on the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents—Revised—Child or Adolescent Version and/or Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents—Revised—Parent Version. Two met the criteria for dysthymia, including one of the subjects with overanxious disorder. No children reported associated obsessions or compulsions. Only one subject experienced tension before hair pulling and relief associated with hair pulling. The DSM-III-R criteria for trichotillomania, which currently require an increasing sense of tension before hair pulling and gratification with hair pulling, may be overly restrictive and in need of redefinition. Additional research with increased sample size is necessary to define diagnostic criteria for trichotillomania and clarify its relationship with other psychiatric diagnoses. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 1992, 31, 1:132–138.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anxiety disorders
  • hair pulling
  • trichotillomania

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