Clinical and Radiographic Factors Associated With Failed Renal Angioembolization: Results From the Multi-institutional Genitourinary Trauma Study (Mi-GUTS)

Manuel Armas-Phan, Sorena Keihani, Nnenaya Agochukwu-Mmonu, Andrew J. Cohen, Douglas M. Rogers, Sherry S. Wang, Joel A. Gross, Ryan P. Joyce, Judith C. Hagedorn, Bryan Voelzke, Rachel A. Moses, Rachel L. Sensenig, J. Patrick Selph, Shubham Gupta, Nima Baradaran, Bradley A. Erickson, Ian Schwartz, Sean P. Elliott, Kaushik Mukherjee, Brian P. SmithRichard A. Santucci, Frank N. Burks, Christopher M. Dodgion, Matthew M. Carrick, Reza Askari, Sarah Majercik, Raminder Nirula, Jeremy B. Myers, Benjamin N. Breyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To find clinical or radiographic factors that are associated with angioembolization failure after high-grade renal trauma. Material and Methods: Patients were selected from the Multi-institutional Genito-Urinary Trauma Study. Included were patients who initially received renal angioembolization after high-grade renal trauma (AAST grades III-V). This cohort was dichotomized into successful or failed angioembolization. Angioembolization was considered a failure if angioembolization was followed by repeat angiography and/or an exploratory laparotomy. Results: A total of 67 patients underwent management initially with angioembolization, with failure in 18 (27%) patients. Those with failed angioembolization had a larger proportion ofgrade IV (72% vs 53%) and grade V (22% vs 12%) renal injuries. A total of 53 patients underwent renal angioembolization and had initial radiographic data for review, with failure in 13 cases. The failed renal angioembolization group had larger perirenal hematoma sizes on the initial trauma scan. Conclusion: Angioembolization after high-grade renal trauma failed in 27% of patients. Failed angioembolization was associated with higher injury grade and a larger perirenal hematoma. Likely these characteristics are associated with high-grade renal trauma that may be less amenable to successful treatment after a single renal angioembolization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This publication was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences , National Institutes of Health , through UCSF-CTSI Grant Number TL1 TR001871 . Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH. This work was also supported by grants from the Urology Care Foundation's Summer Medical Student Fellowship Program.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study


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