Climate in continental interior Asia during the longest interglacial of the past 500 000 years: The new MIS 11 records from Lake Baikal, SE Siberia

A. A. Prokopenko, E. V. Bezrukova, G. K. Khursevich, E. P. Solotchina, M. I. Kuzmin, P. E. Tarasov

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48 Scopus citations

Abstract

A synthesis of paleoclimate responses from Lake Baikal during the MIS 11 interglacial is presented based on proxy records from two drill sites 245 km apart. BDP-99 is located in vicinity of the delta of the major Baikal tributary, whereas the BDP-96 site represents hemipelagic setting distant from riverine influence. The comparison of thicknesses of interglacial intervals in these contrasting depositional settings confirms the extended ca. 33-kyr duration of the MIS 11 interglacial. The new BDP-99 diatom biostratigraphic record matches that of the BDP-96-2 holostratotype and thus allows establishing establishes robust correlation between the records on the same orbitally-tuned timescale. The first detailed MIS 11 palynological record from the BDP-99 drill core indicates the dominance of boreal conifer (taiga) forest vegetation in the Baikal region throughout the MIS 11 interglacial, since at least 424 ka till ca. 396 ka. The interval ca. 420-405 ka stands out as a "conifer optimum" with abundant Abies sibirica, indicative of climate significantly warmer and less continental than today. The closest Baikal analog to this type of vegetation in the history of the current Holocene interglacial is at ca. 9-7 ka. The warm conifer phase lasted for ca. 15 kyr during MIS 11 interrupted by two millennial-scale cooling episodes at ca. 411-410 and 405-404 ka. Reconstructed annual precipitation of 450- 550 mm/yr during the MIS 11 interglacial is by ca. 100mm higher than during the Holocene; regional climate was less continental with warmer mean temperatures both in summer and in winter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-48
Number of pages18
JournalClimate of the Past
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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