Identification of the treatment-related responders for adolescent Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is urgently needed to develop effective treatments. In this paper, machine learning based classifiers are used to reveal anatomical features as responders for distinguishing MDD patients who have received treatment from those who never received any treatment. The features are drawn from two sets of measurements: 1) anatomical connectivity defined by diffusion tensor imaging measurements between a pair of brain regions, and 2) topological measurements from anatomical networks. Feature selection was performed based on p-value and minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) method to achieve improved classification accuracy. The classification performance is evaluated with a leave-one-out cross-validation method using 37 treated and 15 untreated subjects. The proposed methodology achieves 73% accuracy, 100% specificity, and 100% precision for 52 subjects. The most distinguishing features are the strength of the right hippocampus of the mean diffusivity (MD) network at 18% density and of the track-count (TR) network, the participation coefficient of the left middle temporal gyrus of the radial diffusivity (RD) network at 20% density, the axial diffusivity (AD) connectivity between right middle temporal gyrus and right supramarginal gyrus, the betweenness centrality of the right hippocampus of the TR network at 11% density, the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) connectivity between the left pars opercularis and the left rostral anterior cingulate cortex, the clustering coefficient of the middle anterior corpus callosum of the TR network at 11% density, and the AD connectivity between the left pars opercularis and the left rostral anterior cingulate cortex.