Classifying Treated vs. Untreated MDD Adolescents from Anatomical Connectivity using Nonlinear SVM

Shu Hsien Chu, Christophe Lenglet, Mindy Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Kathryn R Cullen, Keshab K Parhi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Identification of the treatment-related responders for adolescent Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is urgently needed to develop effective treatments. In this paper, machine learning based classifiers are used to reveal anatomical features as responders for distinguishing MDD patients who have received treatment from those who never received any treatment. The features are drawn from two sets of measurements: 1) anatomical connectivity defined by diffusion tensor imaging measurements between a pair of brain regions, and 2) topological measurements from anatomical networks. Feature selection was performed based on p-value and minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) method to achieve improved classification accuracy. The classification performance is evaluated with a leave-one-out cross-validation method using 37 treated and 15 untreated subjects. The proposed methodology achieves 73% accuracy, 100% specificity, and 100% precision for 52 subjects. The most distinguishing features are the strength of the right hippocampus of the mean diffusivity (MD) network at 18% density and of the track-count (TR) network, the participation coefficient of the left middle temporal gyrus of the radial diffusivity (RD) network at 20% density, the axial diffusivity (AD) connectivity between right middle temporal gyrus and right supramarginal gyrus, the betweenness centrality of the right hippocampus of the TR network at 11% density, the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) connectivity between the left pars opercularis and the left rostral anterior cingulate cortex, the clustering coefficient of the middle anterior corpus callosum of the TR network at 11% density, and the AD connectivity between the left pars opercularis and the left rostral anterior cingulate cortex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-4
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 18 2018Jul 21 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period7/18/187/21/18

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  • Journal Article

Cite this

Chu, S. H., Lenglet, C., Schreiner, M. W., Klimes-Dougan, B., Cullen, K. R., & Parhi, K. K. (2018). Classifying Treated vs. Untreated MDD Adolescents from Anatomical Connectivity using Nonlinear SVM. In 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 (pp. 1-4). [8513168] (Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS; Vol. 2018-July). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2018.8513168