This paper describes a group-level classification of 14 patients with prefrontal cortex (pFC) lesions from 20 healthy controls using multi-layer graph convolutional networks (GCN) with features inferred from the scalp EEG recorded from the encoding phase of working memory (WM) trials. We first construct undirected and directed graphs to represent the WM encoding for each trial for each subject using distance correlation- based functional connectivity measures and differential directed information-based effective connectivity measures, respectively. Centrality measures of betweenness centrality, eigenvector centrality, and closeness centrality are inferred for each of the 64 channels from the brain connectivity. Along with the three centrality measures, each graph uses the relative band powers in the five frequency bands - delta, theta, alpha, beta, and gamma- as node features. The summarized graph representation is learned using two layers of GCN followed by mean pooling, and fully connected layers are used for classification. The final class label for a subject is decided using majority voting based on the results from all the subject's trials. The GCN-based model can correctly classify 28 of the 34 subjects (82.35% accuracy) with undirected edges represented by functional connectivity measure of distance correlation and classify all 34 subjects (100% accuracy) with directed edges characterized by effective connectivity measure of differential directed information.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||11th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER 2023 - Proceedings|
|Publisher||IEEE Computer Society|
|State||Published - 2023|
|Event||11th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER 2023 - Baltimore, United States|
Duration: Apr 25 2023 → Apr 27 2023
|Name||International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER|
|Conference||11th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER 2023|
|Period||4/25/23 → 4/27/23|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This paper was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under grant number CCF-1954749.
© 2023 IEEE.
- brain connectivity
- graph convolutional networks (GCN)
- prefrontal cortex (pFC)
- working memory task