Equilibrium phase transitions are associated with rearrangements of minima of a (Lagrangian) potential. Treatment of nonequilibrium systems requires doubling of degrees of freedom, which may be often interpreted as a transition from the "coordinate"- to the "phase"-space representation. As a result, one has to deal with the Hamiltonian formulation of the field theory instead of the Lagrangian one. We suggest a classification scheme of phase transitions in reaction-diffusion models based on the topology of the phase portraits of corresponding Hamiltonians. In models with an absorbing state such a topology is fully determined by intersecting curves of zero "energy." We identify four families of topologically distinct classes of phase portraits stable upon renormalization group transformations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 2006|