While it is apparent that conditioning in opiate users is complex and incompletely understood, the effects appear strong enough to have clinical implications. Studies involving opiate-using patients or postdependent individuals present special problems because of their variable 'training' histories. Perhaps further research with both humans and animals will elucidate the conditions under which the different types of conditioned responses are most likely to develop.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||NIDA Research Monograph Series|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1981|