Clarifying Beliefs Underlying Hunter Intentions to Support a Ban on Lead Shot

Susan A. Schroeder, David C. Fulton, Kathy DonCarlos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Shot from hunting adds toxic lead to environments worldwide. Existing lead shot regulations have been instituted with little understanding of hunter beliefs and attitudes. This study applied the Theory of Reasoned Action, using a multilevel, multivariate approach, to clarify how positive and negative beliefs relate to attitudes about a ban on lead shot. Structure coefficients and commonality analysis were employed to further examine relationships between beliefs and attitudes. Results suggest that while both positive and negative outcomes influence attitudes, positive outcomes were more influential for supporters and negative beliefs for opposers. Management may need to focus on the results from hunters who indicated that they would be unlikely to support a ban, as these hunters include those who may actively oppose additional efforts to regulate lead.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-867
Number of pages16
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016


  • Attitudes
  • beliefs
  • hunting
  • intentions
  • lead shot
  • small game


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