Cl atom initiated oxidation of 1-alkenes under atmospheric conditions

M. Walavalkar, A. Sharma, Hariprasad Alwe, K. K. Pushpa, S. Dhanya, P. D. Naik, P. N. Bajaj

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Abstract

In view of the importance of the oxidation pathways of alkenes in the troposphere, and the significance of Cl atom as an oxidant in marine boundary layer (MBL) and polluted industrial atmosphere, the reactions of four 1-alkenes (C6-C9) with Cl atoms are investigated. The rate coefficients at 298 K are measured to be (4.0 ± 0.5), (4.4 ± 0.7), (5.5 ± 0.9) and (5.9 ± 1.7) × 10-10 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 for 1-hexene, 1-heptene, 1-octene and 1-nonene, respectively. The quoted errors include the experimental 2σ, along with the error in the reference rate coefficients. From the systematic increase in the rate coefficients with the number of carbon atoms, an approximate value for the average rate coefficient for hydrogen abstraction per CH2 group in alkenes is estimated to be (4.9 ± 0.3) × 10-11 cm3 molecule-1 s-1. Based on these rate coefficients, the contribution of Cl atom reactions towards the degradation of these molecules is found to be comparable to that of OH radical reactions, under MBL conditions. The products identified in gas phase indicate that Cl atom addition occurs mainly at the terminal carbon, leading to the formation of 1-chloro-2-ketones and 1-chloro-2-ols. The major gas phase products from the alkenyl radicals (formed by H atom abstraction) are different positional isomers of long chain enols and enones. A preference for dissociation leading to an allyl radical, resulting in aldehydes, lower by three carbon atoms, is indicated. The observed relative yields suggest that in general, the increased contribution of the reactions of Cl atoms towards degradation of 1-alkenes in NOx free air does not result in an increase in the generation of small aldehydes (carbon number < 4), including chloroethanal, as compared to that in the reaction of 1-butene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • 1-Alkenes
  • Aldehyde formation
  • Cl atom reactions
  • Rate coefficients
  • Tropospheric lifetimes

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    Walavalkar, M., Sharma, A., Alwe, H., Pushpa, K. K., Dhanya, S., Naik, P. D., & Bajaj, P. N. (2013). Cl atom initiated oxidation of 1-alkenes under atmospheric conditions. Atmospheric Environment, 67, 93-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.10.039