From Thomas Hobbes to Steven Pinker, it is often remarked that cultures of honor are destabilizing and especially dangerous to liberal institutions. This essay sharpens that criticism into two objections: one saying honor cultures encourage tyranny, and another accusing them of undermining rule of law. Since these concerns manifest differently in established as opposed to fledgling liberal democracies, I appeal to Western and African examples both to motivate and allay these worries. I contend that a culture of civic honor is perfectly capable of offering those with soaring ambitions all the civic distinction they could hope for—including civic immortality—without tempting them to seize undemocratic levels of power. And as for rule of law and public order, an “irrationally” defiant response to the indignity of state-sanctioned oppression has often animated citizens to resist illiberal regimes despite great peril. Thus, cultures of civic honor are not only compatible with, but sometimes necessary to, founding and maintaining liberal institutions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research and travel informing this essay would have been impossible without generous funding from the Templeton Foundation and the University of California, Riverside’s Immortality Project. I am very grateful for their support, feedback, and invitation to contribute to this volume. My thoughts and feelings on these issues have been ennobled by Ajume Wingo, who shared with me not only his ideas, but also the community and sacred places of his people, the Nso of Northwest Cameroon.
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
- Honor culture
- Steven Pinker
- Thomas Hobbes