Circumplex Model VII: Validation Studies and FACES III


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This paper reviews some of the recent empirical studies validating the Circumplex Model and describes the newly developed self‐report measure, FACES III. Studies testing hypotheses derived from the Circumplex Model regarding the three dimensions of cohesion, change, and communication are reviewed. Case illustrations using FACES III and the Clinical Rating Scale are presented. These two assessment tools can be used for making a diagnosis of family functioning and for assessing changes over the course of treatment. This paper reflects the continuing attempt to develop further the Circumplex Model and to bridge more adequately research, theory, and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-351
Number of pages15
JournalFamily process
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1986
Externally publishedYes


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