Circular Dichroism of CdSe Nanocrystals Bound by Chiral Carboxylic Acids

Mayank Puri, Vivian E. Ferry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chiral semiconductor nanocrystals, or quantum dots (QDs), are promising materials for applications in biological sensing, photonics, and spin-polarized devices. Many of these applications rely on large dissymmetry, or g-factors, the difference in absorbance between left- and right-handed circularly polarized light compared to the unpolarized absorbance. The majority of chiral QDs, specifically CdSe, reported to date have used thiolated amino acid ligands to introduce chirality onto the nanoparticles, but these systems have ultimately reported small g-factors of ∼2 × 10-4. In an effort to realize chiral CdSe QDs with higher g-factors and to expand the set of designer chiral semiconductor nanocrystals, we have employed chiral carboxylic acids as a distinct class of ligands for chiral CdSe nanoparticles. Through this family of chiral carboxylic acid ligands, we performed a direct comparison between carboxylate-bound and thiolate-bound chiral CdSe QDs. Spectral analysis revealed that the resulting circular dichroism shifts originate from the splitting of the exciton by the ligand-nanocrystal interaction. Subsequent examination of a series of chiral carboxylic acid ligands revealed a 30-fold range in g-factor through relatively small changes in the structure of the ligand. Finally, we showed that increasing the number of stereocenters on the ligand can further enhance the dissymmetry factors. This versatile and tunable combination of nanocrystals and ligands will inform future designs of chiral nanomaterials and their applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12240-12246
Number of pages7
JournalACS nano
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 26 2017

Keywords

  • carboxylic acid
  • chiral semiconductor nanocrystals
  • circular dichroism
  • ligand-induced optical activity
  • quantum dots

How much support was provided by MRSEC?

  • Shared

Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 4

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

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