Circadian variation in multiple sclerosis of oxidative stress marker of DNA damage. A potential cancer marker?

E. L. Kanabrocki, M. D. Ryan, D. Murray, R. W. Jacobs, J. Wang, A. Hurder, N. C. Friedman, G. Siegel, B. Eladasari, B. A. Nemchausky, Germaine G Cornelissen-Guillaume, F. Halberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To investigate circadian rhythm (CR) of urinary creatinine and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and to present concentrations of this DNA damage marker, 5 years prior to mastectomy, in one MS study subject, and 2 years prior to biopsy confirmed a carcinoma (CA) of the prostate in one non-MS subject. Materials and Methods. Eleven subjects with MS (6 womwn 36-52 years of age and 5 men 51-68 years) volunteered for this study, carried out at Edward Hines Jr., Medical Center. Subjects were offered a general hospital diet (2400 cal in total/24h) at 16:30h, 07:30h and 13:00h. The dark (sleep) phase of the light-dark cycle extended from 22:30h to 06:30h with brief awakening for sampling at 01:00h, and 04:00h. Urine samples were collected for consecutive 3h spans beginning at 16:00-19:00h and were analyzed for creatinine and 8-OHdG. Twelve men (including 3 with type 2 diabetes) provided 21 profiles according to the same protocol used for comparison. In addition, 10 healthy women provided 24h urine samples. Statistical analysis of data was performed using the Single-Cosinor and Population-Mean Cosinor. Results. A CR was detected for creatinine in healthy men (p<0.001) but not for MS patients. Urinary creatinine concentrations were lower in MS women than in healthy women (p=0.015) and were lower in MS women than in men healthy or with MS (p<0.001): Women; MS 655±76; H 1381±316; Men, MS 1830±285; H 1532±265 mg/24h vol. A CR was evident in 8-OHdG in MS (p=0.007) and in non-MS subjects (p<0.001) with highest values occurring at about 16:45h. The average concentrations of 8-OHdG in MS patients were similar to those in healthy subjects: Women, MS 589±125; H 794±318; Men, MS 504±156; H 591±134 picomoles/kg bw/24h vol. The 8-OHdG concentrations of a MS patient, later diagnosed with breast cancer, were found to exceed the upper 95% prediction limit in health. An increased 8-OHdG level was also noted in a non-MS subject who 2 years later received a biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of prostate CA. Conclusions. Despite the small number of subjects in this study, a statistically significant CR was documented for 8-OHdG in urine of subjects with MS. Interestingly, the increased concentrations of DNA damage marker, the 8-OHdG, 5 years prior to mastectomy and the 2 years prior to affirmative diagnosis of prostate CA, could be the most significant clinical ob-servations of this study. Follow-up studies of a larger population of subjects would, thus, be required to ascertain the predictive validity of such challenging observation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Terapeutica
Volume157
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • 8-Hydroxy-2-deoxy-guanosine
  • Cancer
  • Chronobiology
  • Circadian
  • Creatinine
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Rhythm
  • Urine

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