Cingulate Cortex

B. Y. Hayden, M. L. Platt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


All organisms confront the fundamental task of choosing an appropriate course of action given the current state of their environment. This process of decision making, also referred to as sensorimotor transformation, requires estimating the current state of the environment, evaluating the predicted costs and benefits of each potential course of action, and then selecting the most valuable alternative. Predicted action values, in turn, can be estimated from the consequences of previous actions. The cingulate cortex, which is strongly interconnected with brain areas processing sensory, motor, and motivational information, contributes to both selecting actions and monitoring the consequences of those actions and thus serves a supervisory role in the adaptive modification of ongoing behavior based on prior experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009



  • Cingulate
  • Cortex
  • Emotion
  • Limbic
  • Medial cortex
  • Monitoring
  • Monkey
  • Mood disorders
  • Reference frames
  • Reward

Cite this

Hayden, B. Y., & Platt, M. L. (2009). Cingulate Cortex. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 887-892). Elsevier Ltd.