Chronic Rhinosinusitis After Maxillary Advancement Orthognathic Surgery

Nour Ibrahim, Peter H. Hwang, Kawinyarat Jitaroon, Matthew A. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) remains an effective procedure for the management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Maxillary advancement may lead to anatomical changes that impair paranasal sinus drainage, leading to chronic sinus inflammation. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) following MMA. Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. Our study included subjects diagnosed with CRS following MMA from January 1992 to October 2018 at Stanford Hospital. We screened 730 patients undergoing MMA and identified a total of 57 with CRS after MMA. A descriptive analysis was performed using clinical data including patient demographics, comorbidities, prior surgical history, physical exam manifestations, CT findings, and quality of life outcomes (SNOT-22). Results: Out of 730 patients undergoing MMA, 57(7.8%) were found to have CRS after orthognathic surgery. Presenting symptoms included facial pain (92.5%), nasal drainage (75%), nasal obstruction (67.5%), and hyposmia (20%). Endoscopic examination revealed recirculation (30.5%), purulent discharge (27.7%), polypoid changes (22.2%), and scarring (13.8%). Preoperative CT prior to undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) demonstrated mucosal thickening in maxillary (64.2%), anterior ethmoid (39.2%), frontal (14.2%), posterior ethmoid (10.7%), sphenoid sinus (14.2%), and ostiomeatal complex (55.3%). Average Lund-Mackay score was 5.5(±3.8). Additional CT findings included secondary ostium in the inferior meatus (42.8%). Forty patients (70.1%) underwent ESS at a mean of 4.6 years after MMA. Patients undergoing ESS experienced significant improvement in SNOT-22 scores at 12-months post-surgery (P =.018). Conclusion: Patients undergoing maxillary advancement surgery are at risk of developing CRS postoperatively and should be advised of the risk of CRS associated with this procedure. Surgical treatment can be an option for medically refractory CRS related to MMA surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • Le Fort I osteotomy
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • endoscopic sinus surgery
  • maxillary advancement
  • obstructive sleep apnea

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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