Chronic Kidney Disease in Small Animals

David J. Polzin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

143 Scopus citations


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects multiple body systems and presents with a wide variety of clinical manifestations. Proper application of conservative medical management can profoundly affect the clinical course of CKD. Diagnosis and management is facilitated by staging CKD and applying therapies that are appropriate for the patient's stage of CKD. Therapy and follow-up of CKD are described, with emphasis on stage-based therapy to ameliorate clinical signs and slow progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Anemia
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Renal failure
  • Uremia


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