Chlorinated water induced aging of pipe grade polypropylene random copolymers

Joerg Fischer, Paul J. Freudenthaler, Reinhold W. Lang, Wolfgang Buchberger, Susan C. Mantell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Polypropylene random copolymers (PP-R) are common materials for pressurized hot water pipes. In many pipe systems, potable water is disinfected by chlorine to prevent waterborne diseases. This paper deals with hot chlorinated water induced aging of two PP-R grades with varying morphology. One material had a conventional monoclinic α crystal form (PP-Rα), whereas the other was explicitly beta-nucleated resulting in a trigonal β crystal form with a fine spherulite structure (PP-Rβ). Micro-sized specimens with a thickness of 100 µm were used for aging experiments at 60 °C in chlorinated water with 5 mg/L free chlorine, and aging indicators were monitored for exposure times of up to 2000 h. On the other hand, superimposed mechanical-environmental tests were carried out by using cracked round bar specimens with a diameter of 14 mm to determine the fatigue crack growth (FCG) resistance of both PP-R grades at 60 °C in non-chlorinated and chlorinated water. PP-Rβ was found to outperform PP-Rα with an about 30% higher time-to-embrittlement value of 2000 h. Furthermore, PP-Rβ exhibited an enhanced FCG resistance in both non-chlorinated and chlorinated water. The effect of chlorine content on the deterioration of the FCG resistances was significantly more pronounced for PP-Rα.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number996
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Aging
  • Chlorinated water
  • Fatigue crack growth resistance
  • Pipe grades
  • Polypropylene
  • Superimposed mechanical-environmental testing


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