Chitosan-recombinamer layer-by-layer coatings for multifunctional implants

Jeevan Prasaad Govindharajulu, Xi Chen, Yuping Li, Jose Carlos Rodriguez-Cabello, Mrinal Battacharya, Conrado Aparicio

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54 Scopus citations


The main clinical problems for dental implants are (1) formation of biofilm around the implant—a condition known as peri-implantitis and (2) inadequate bone formation around the implant—lack of osseointegration. Therefore, developing an implant to overcome these problems is of significant interest to the dental community. Chitosan has been reported to have good biocompatibility and anti-bacterial activity. An osseo-inductive recombinant elastin-like biopolymer (P-HAP), that contains a peptide derived from the protein statherin, has been reported to induce biomineralization and osteoblast differentiation. In this study, chitosan/P-HAP bi-layers were built on a titanium surface using a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique. The difference in the water contact angle between consecutive layers, the representative peaks in diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the changes in the topography between surfaces with a different number of bi-layers observed using atomic force microscopy (AFM), all indicated the successful establishment of chitosan/P-HAP LbL assembly on the titanium surface. The LbL-modified surfaces showed increased biomineralization, an appropriate mouse pre-osteoblastic cell response, and significant anti-bacterial activity against Streptococcus gordonii, a primary colonizer of tissues in the oral environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number369
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 9 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Chitosan
  • Elastin-like recombinamers
  • Implant
  • Layer-by-layer
  • Titanium


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