Children's Work and Mothers' Work--What is the Connection?

Deborah S. DeGraff, Deborah Levison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Scopus citations


    This paper examines the relationship between the employment of children and their mothers, with the aim of informing discussion on efforts to reduce child labor in Brazil. The analysis builds on the largely separate literatures on children's time use and mothers' work in two ways-by examining characteristics of employment which are often not available in survey data, and by modeling both children's work and mothers' employment. The results suggest that the relationship between children's and mothers' work is complex, with substantial evidence of positive correlation. The findings are consistent with the argument that anti-poverty programs that target women's employment could result in increased child labor. This possibility warrants further analysis in order to better inform policy regarding child labor.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1569-1587
    Number of pages19
    JournalWorld Development
    Issue number9
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2009


    • Brazil
    • Latin America
    • child labor
    • women's employment


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