Children's self-perceptions and sources of physical competence information: A cluster analysis

Maureen R. Weiss, Thelma S. Horn, Vicki Ebbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explored relationships among children's age, individual differences, and sources of physical competence information. Children (N = 183) completed measures of competitive trait anxiety (CTA), perceived physical competence (PC), general self-esteem (SE), and sources of competence information in the sport domain. A cluster analysis revealed four distinct profiles of children. In Cluster 1, children were younger, scored relatively higher in CTA and lower in PC, and indicated strongest preference for pregame anxiety as a source of information. Cluster 2 was characterized by children with lower PC and SE scores who placed lower importance on parental evaluation and pregame anxiety sources. In Cluster 3, children scored higher on PC and SE, moderately lower on CTA, and preferred self-referenced and parental evaluation criteria. In Cluster 4, children were older, higher in CTA, lower in PC and SE, and indicated strongest preference for social comparison/evaluation criteria. The criteria children use to evaluate their physical competence are strongly associated with age and psychological characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-70
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Perceived competence
  • Self-esteem
  • Youth sport

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