Children's Behavioral Styles at Age 3 Are Linked to their Adult Personality Traits at Age 26

Avshalom Caspi, Hona Lee Harrington, Barry Milne, James W. Amell, Reremoana F. Theodore, Terrie E. Moffitt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

241 Scopus citations

Abstract

We observed 1,000 3-year-old children who exhibited five temperament types: Undercontrolled, Inhibited, Confident, Reserved, and Well-adjusted. Twenty-three years later, we reexamined 96% of the children as adults, using multiple methods of comprehensive personality assessment, including both self- and informant-reports. These longitudinal data provide the longest and strongest evidence to date that children's early-emerging behavioral styles can foretell their characteristic behaviors, thoughts, and feelings as adults, pointing to the foundations of the human personality in the early years of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-514
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of personality
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2003

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Children's Behavioral Styles at Age 3 Are Linked to their Adult Personality Traits at Age 26'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this