The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and child and family-level correlates of direct and indirect victimization by peers among children ages 6-9. Four hundred and twenty-five children were included in the final sample. Data for this study were drawn from the first wave of the Developmental Victimization Survey. Logistic regression models were used to examine associations between children's demographics, anxiety, depression, anger, parent-child relationship, and exposure to family violence and children's experience of direct or indirect victimization by peers. The results showed that increased depression scores and exposure to family violence were associated with increased risk for direct and indirect victimization by peers. Black children were more likely to experience direct victimization and less likely to experience indirect victimization compared to White children. Child's race significantly moderated the association between parental criticism and indirect victimization. Child's gender did not significantly moderate these associations. Implications for developmentally specific prevention and intervention approaches that are grounded in a social-ecological framework are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
With permission, data used in this article were made available by the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Data from the Developmental Victimization Survey were originally collected by H.A. Turner and D. Finkelhor, University of New Hampshire. Their study was supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Neither the collector of the original data, the funder, the Archive, Cornell University, or its agents or employers bear any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Family violence
- Peer victimization