Nicotinamide, the amide form of vitamin B3, and budesonide, a synthetic glucocorticoid used in the treatment of asthma, were evaluated to determine their individual and combinational chemopreventive efficacy on benzo(a)pyrene-induced lung tumors in female A/J mice. Nicotinamide fed at a dietary concentration of 0.75% significantly inhibited tumor multiplicity. Nicotinamide by aerosol inhalation at doses up to 15 mg/kg/day did not result in a statistically significant reduction in tumor multiplicity. Finally, dietary nicotinamide was administered with aerosol budesonide and tumor multiplicity reduced by 90% at 1 week and 49% at 8 weeks post last carcinogen dose. We conclude nicotinamide is an effective and safe agent for lung cancer dietary prevention at both early- and late-stage carcinogenesis and that efficacy is increased with aerosol budesonide. Combination chemoprevention with these agents is a well-tolerated and effective strategy which could be clinically advanced to human studies.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural