Mannose-6-phosphate (M6P)-terminated oligosaccharides are important signals for M6P-receptor-mediated targeting of newly synthesized hydrolases from Golgi to lysosomes, but the precise structural requirement for the M6P ligand-receptor recognition has not been fully understood due to the difficulties in obtaining homogeneous M6P-containing glycoproteins. We describe here a chemoenzymatic synthesis of homogeneous phosphoglycoproteins carrying natural M6P-containing N-glycans. The method includes the chemical synthesis of glycan oxazolines with varied number and location of the M6P moieties and their transfer to the GlcNAc-protein by an endoglycosynthase to provide homogeneous M6P-containing glycoproteins. Simultaneous attachment of two M6P-oligosaccahrides to a cyclic polypeptide was also accomplished to yield bivalent M6P-glycopeptides. Surface plasmon resonance binding studies reveal that a single M6P moiety located at the low α-1,3-branch of the oligomannose context is sufficient for a high-affinity binding to receptor CI-MPR, while the presence of a M6P moiety at the α-1,6-branch is dispensable. In addition, a binding study with the bivalent cyclic and linear polypeptides reveals that a close proximity of two M6P-oligosaccharide ligands is critical to achieve high affinity for the CI-MPR receptor. Taken together, the present study indicates that the location and valency of the M6P moieties and the right oligosaccharide context are all critical for high-affinity binding with the major M6P receptor. The chemoenzymatic method described here provides a new avenue for glycosylation remodeling of recombinant enzymes to enhance the uptake and delivery of enzymes to lysosomes in enzyme replacement therapy for the treatment of lysosomal storage diseases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - Sep 28 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Institutes of Health (NIH grant R01 GM080374 to L.X.W.).
© 2016 American Chemical Society.