Chemical versus dual energy x-ray absorptiometry for detecting age- associated body compositional changes in male rats

Rebecca S. Feely, Lisa M. Larkin, Jeffrey B. Halter, Donald R. Dengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging is associated with increases in body mass and fat mass (FM), whereas fat-free mass (FFM) either decreases or remains unchanged. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) accurately detects age-associated changes in male Fischer 344 x Brown-Norway rats ages 8, 18, and 28 months. Eviscerated animal carcasses were first examined via the Lunar DPX-IQ DXA (small animal software version 1.0; HiRes (0.6 x 1.2 mm) medium mode). Eviscerated carcasses were then weighed, autoclaved, homogenized, and fat isolated from aliquots of homogenate via methanol/chloroform extraction. In both chemical (CHEM) and DXA analysis, carcass mass (CM), FM, and % fat were significantly higher (P < 0.0001) in the 18 and 28 versus 8-month-old rats. CHEM showed greater FFM in the 18 versus 8 months-old rats but not the 28 months-old animals. DXA was unable to detect the age-associated changes in FFM. Regression analysis showed a strong correlation between CHEM and DXA methods for CM (r = 0.98, P < 0.0001) and FM (r = 0.97, P < 0.0001), but less strong for FFM (r = 0.59, P = 0.0002). In conclusion, compared to CHEM, DXA consistently overestimated CM and FM across the age groups by 9% and 77%, respectively, and underestimated FFM by 5%. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-427
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2000

Keywords

  • Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
  • Fat free mass
  • Fat mass
  • Lean body mass

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