Characterizing Psychopathy Using DSM-5 Personality Traits

Casey M. Strickland, Laura E. Drislane, Megan Lucy, Robert F. Krueger, Christopher J. Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite its importance historically and contemporarily, psychopathy is not recognized in the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revised (DSM-IV-TR). Its closest counterpart, antisocial personality disorder, includes strong representation of behavioral deviance symptoms but weak representation of affective-interpersonal features considered central to psychopathy. The current study evaluated the extent to which psychopathy and its distinctive facets, indexed by the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure, can be assessed effectively using traits from the dimensional model of personality pathology developed for DSM-5, operationalized by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). Results indicate that (a) facets of psychopathy entailing impulsive externalization and callous aggression are well-represented by traits from the PID-5 considered relevant to antisocial personality disorder, and (b) the boldness facet of psychopathy can be effectively captured using additional PID-5 traits. These findings provide evidence that the dimensional model of personality pathology embodied in the PID-5 provides effective trait-based coverage of psychopathy and its facets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-338
Number of pages12
JournalAssessment
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Grants MH65137, MH072850, and MH089727 from the National Institute of Mental Health.

Keywords

  • DSM-5
  • PID-5
  • antisocial personality disorder
  • personality disorders
  • psychopathy

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