Characterization of sol-gel derived (Pb,Ba)(Zr,Ti,Nb)O3 thin films for optical waveguide development

P. F. Baude, J. S. Wright, C. Ye, Lorraine F Francis, D. L. Polla

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


(PbBa)(ZrTiNb)O3 thin films and powders have been prepared using the sol-gel technique. Solutions were synthesized in 2-methoxyethanol based upon our previous PZT solution preparation. Three different approaches were used for incorporating barium into PZT alkoxide solutions. Thermal analysis and x-ray diffraction results indicated that barium methoxypropoxide gave the best results. PBZTN (71% Pb and 71% Zr) was deposited onto sapphire substrates as well as oxidized silicon substrates. Optical transmission measurements showed greater than 80% transmission for wavelengths longer than 400 nm. Films with thickness of 3000 angstroms on sapphire exhibited a refractive index of 2.19 at λ = 633 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-450
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994
EventProceedings of the 1994 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Apr 5 1994Apr 8 1994


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