Characterization of mechanisms of pesticide retention in soils using the supercritical fluid extraction technique

W. C. Koskinen, H. H. Cheng, L. J. Jarvis, B. A. Sorenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research determined the relative effectiveness of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) in extracting atrazine and its metabolites from soils which had been treated with atrazine for varying periods of time in order to characterize binding mechanisms. Aqueous methanol extraction was more effective than SFE in removing 14C-atrazine residues from “aged” soils. The more polar the solvent system, the more 14C-atrazine residues were extracted. The order of polarity and extractability was aqueous methanol > SF-CO2/5% methanol > SF-CO2. Atrazine extraction efficiency using SF-CO2and SF-CO2/5% methanol decreased as samples “aged” in the field. The less than complete recovery of atrazine residues using the SFE technique could be seen as an indication that different binding mechanisms were involved in the retention of atrazine as well as its metabolites and that the binding mechanisms changed with time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-385
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Volume58
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1995

Keywords

  • SFE
  • atrazine

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