OBJECTIVES: Lung-to-finger circulation time (LFCT) measured from sleep studies may reflect underlying cardiac dysfunction. We aimed to examine the distribution of LFCT in community-dwelling men and women in order to better understand the factors determining LFCT between and within subjects.
APPROACH: We included participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Sleep with polysomnography-based evidence of sleep apnea (defined by apnea hypopnea index >15 hr -1). In a randomly selected subset of the analytical dataset, we tested an automated LFCT measurement method against the visual method. Using the automated method we then scored LFCTs from all eligible respiratory events for all included participants. A multiple regression model was constructed to determine factors independently associated with average LFCT across subjects. We also explored factors that are associated with LFCT within subjects using linear mixed-effect models.
MAIN RESULTS: In a subset of the cohort (N = 39) there was a high correlation in average LFCT obtained by automated and visual methods (r = 0.96). In the analysis of 596 participants, men [19.6 (2.8)] (vs. women [17.9 (2.7) s], p < 0.0001) and older age (> 69 (vs. ≤ 69) had longer average LFCT (19.4 [2.8] vs. 18.5 [2.9] s, p < 0.0001). These associations persisted in multivariable analysis. No association was found with body habitus. Within subject analysis revealed trivial associations between apnea/hypopnea duration, apnea (vs. hypopnea), nadir O 2 saturation and sleep stages (NREM vs. REM) and individual LFCT.
SIGNIFICANCE: Automated LFCT measurement was highly correlated with visual-based LFCT measurement. In this group of community-dwelling adults, male sex and older age were associated with higher average LFCT.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.
- sleep apnea
- sleep study
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't