Characterization of genomic DNA encoding cecropins from an Aedes albopictus mosquito cell line

D. Sun, A. M. Fallon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used cDNA probes from Aedes albopictus mosquito cecropins AalCecA, B, and C to obtain genomic DNA copies and flanking DNA. Two gene copies (AalCecA1 and A2, AalCecB1 and B2, AalCecC1 and C2) encoding each of the three mature cecropin peptides were recovered. All these genes had a similar organization, into two exons interrupted by a single short intron. AalCecA1 and AalCecA2 encode mature protein products that differ by one amino acid residue, while AalCecB1 and AalCecB2, AalCecC1 and AalCecC2 encode identical mature cecropin peptides, respectively. The AalCecB and C gene pairs each share a common intergenic region of approximately 1 kb, with the two coding regions transcribed in opposite directions. With the exception of small insertions/deletions, the intergenic spacer region was highly conserved between the B1/C1 and B2/C2 clones. In transfected cells, 0.8 kb of upstream sequence was sufficient for inducible expression of AalCecA1. Within this region, a 28 bp sequence at positions -192 to -165 upstream of the transcription initiation site was found to contain a potential regulatory element. In electrophoretic mobility shift assays, synthetic double-stranded DNA containing this 28 bp sequence retarded protein in cytoplasmic and nuclear extracts from C7-10 cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-30
Number of pages10
JournalInsect molecular biology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Aedes albopictus
  • Cecropin
  • Gene structure
  • Immune response
  • Mosquito cell line

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