Characterization of freestream disturbances in conventional hypersonic wind tunnels

Lian Duan, Meelan M. Choudhari, Amanda Chou, Federico Munoz, Rolf Radespiel, Thomas Schilden, Wolfgang Schröder, Eric C. Marineau, Katya M. Casper, Ross S. Chaudhry, Graham V. Candler, Kathryn A. Gray, Steven P. Schneider

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Although low-disturbance (“quiet”) hypersonic wind tunnels are believed to provide more reliable extrapolation of boundary-layer transition behavior from ground to flight, the presently available quiet facilities are limited to Mach 6, moderate Reynolds numbers, low freestream enthalpy, and subscale models. As a result, only conventional (“noisy”) wind tunnels can reproduce both Reynolds numbers and enthalpies of hypersonic flight configurations and must therefore be used for flight vehicle test and evaluation involving high Mach number, high enthalpy, and larger models. This paper outlines the recent progress and achievements in the characterization of tunnel noise that have resulted from the coordinated effort within the AVT-240 specialists group on hypersonic boundary-layer transition prediction. The new experimental measurements cover a range of conventional wind tunnels with different sizes and Mach numbers from 6 to 14 and extend the database of freestream fluctuations within the spectral range of boundary-layer instability waves over commonly tested models. New direct numerical simulation datasets elucidate the physics of noise generation inside the turbulent nozzle wall boundary layer, characterize the spatiotemporal structure of the freestream noise, and account for the propagation and transfer of the freestream disturbances to a Pitot-mounted sensor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-368
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Spacecraft and Rockets
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019

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    Duan, L., Choudhari, M. M., Chou, A., Munoz, F., Radespiel, R., Schilden, T., Schröder, W., Marineau, E. C., Casper, K. M., Chaudhry, R. S., Candler, G. V., Gray, K. A., & Schneider, S. P. (2019). Characterization of freestream disturbances in conventional hypersonic wind tunnels. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 56(2), 357-368.